A Christian Call for Repentance and Repair

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Christianity Today 2022 Book Award Winner (Politics & Public Life)

Outreach 2022 Resource of the Year (Social Issues and Justice)

Foreword INDIES 2021 Finalist for Religion

"Kwon and Thompson's eloquent reasoning will help Christians broaden their understanding of the contemporary conversation over reparations."--Publishers Weekly

"A thoughtful approach to a vital topic."--Library Journal

Christians are awakening to the legacy of racism in America like never before. While public conversations regarding the realities of racial division and inequalities have surged in recent years, so has the public outcry to work toward the long-awaited healing of these wounds. But American Christianity, with its tendency to view the ministry of reconciliation as its sole response to racial injustice, and its isolation from those who labor most diligently to address these things, is underequipped to offer solutions. Because of this, the church needs a new perspective on its responsibility for the deep racial brokenness at the heart of American culture and on what it can do to repair that brokenness.

This book makes a compelling historical and theological case for the church's obligation to provide reparations for the oppression of African Americans. Duke Kwon and Gregory Thompson articulate the church's responsibility for its promotion and preservation of white supremacy throughout history, investigate the Bible's call to repair our racial brokenness, and offer a vision for the work of reparation at the local level. They lead readers toward a moral imagination that views reparations as a long-overdue and necessary step in our collective journey toward healing and wholeness.

Christians are awakening to the legacy of racism in America like never before. Reparations explores the church's responsibility for the deep racial brokenness at the heart of American culture, investigates the Bible's call to repair it, and offers a vision for the work of reparation at the local level. The authors lead readers toward a moral imagination that views reparations as a long-overdue and necessary step in our collective journey toward healing and wholeness.

This book won a Christianity Today 2022 Book Award (Politics & Public Life) and an Outreach 2022 Resource of the Year Award (Social Issues and Justice). It was also a Foreword INDIES 2021 Finalist for Religion.

"Kwon and Thompson's eloquent reasoning will help Christians broaden their understanding of the contemporary conversation over reparations."--Publishers Weekly

Introduction: Generations without Recompense 
1. The Call to See
2. Seeing the Reality of White Supremacy
3. Seeing the Effect of White Supremacy
4. The Call to Own
5. Owning the Ethic of Restitution
6. Owning the Ethic of Restoration
7. The Call to Repair


"We are at an inflection point in our nation. We can either continue with the racial status quo or earnestly engage in the long-overdue process of repair. Reparations is a book for this moment. It is a call to action to offer tangible restitution for the historic exploitation of Black labor. While Christians should have been leading the way on this all along, sadly, too many have demonstrated compromise and complicity instead. Kwon and Thompson marshal deep research, theological acumen, and pastoral tenderness to make a timely call for reparations and the dignity of all people."

Jemar Tisby, CEO of The Witness Inc.; author of the bestselling book The Color of Compromise

"Reparations is challenging in the best way: it challenges Christians to look squarely at our history, to take responsibility for our complicity in evil, and, most importantly, to take our mission as the church seriously. This book is a clarion call to understand the context of our mission and how that context must shape our work and community. Reparations is passionate, clear, smart, thoughtful, and blessedly troubling. I hope every American Christian leader--especially White Christian leaders--will read it because it is truly the rare book that, if taken up with an open heart, has the potential to change the world."

Tish Harrison Warren, Anglican priest; author of Liturgy of the Ordinary and Prayer in the Night

"How do we make things whole? That is the question Reparations: A Christian Call for Repentance and Repair helps us answer. Kwon and Thompson walk us through our complicated racial past and give us a glimpse of a future that is reconciled, just, and ultimately more like Christ. This book should be essential reading in classrooms and Bible studies, in religious sanctuaries and the halls of Congress, and for every single believer who cares about justice and equality. The history is sound, the facts are compelling, and the ultimate case must not be ignored."

Joshua DuBois, CEO, media commentator, and former director, White House Office of Faith-based and Neighborhood Partnerships

"What hope do we have of racial reconciliation unless we right the wrongs of our past? Duke Kwon and Greg Thompson have argued convincingly that reparations is a necessary part of the healing of our churches and our nation, and that people of faith should be leading the way. They have listened to their African American brothers and sisters. They tell us the sad truth about the significant role the church has played in the problem of racism. They demonstrate that reparations is a thoroughly biblical concept and a work of the gospel. And most importantly, with empathy and hope, they show us how we can start repairing our racial brokenness through local and community-based efforts that every one of us can be part of. Read this book and learn how to be a bridge builder for reparations."

Latasha Morrison, founder of Be the Bridge and New York Times bestselling author of Be the Bridge: Pursuing God's Heart for Racial Reconciliation

"Kwon and Thompson, as both compassionate ministers of the gospel and thoughtful storytellers, weave together a compelling case and call to action for the church in America to lead in racial repentance and repair. Reparations is hopefully the beginning of many works that call the church to lay hold of blood-bought repentance and consequently the liberation that comes only by truth. In love, the authors direct the White American church to tell the truth to itself and its complicity in and endorsement of racism at the expense of their Black brothers and sisters in Christ. Wrestle with this book alone or in small groups, but don't call it quits. Let the book's inevitable discomfort lead to growth, understanding, and the beauty of repentance."

Christina Edmondson, cohost of the Truth's Table podcast

"Duke Kwon and Greg Thompson do a compelling job of laying out the historic legitimacy, the moral necessity, and the biblical urgency for reparations from slavery. With a kind of whiplash effect, they frequently let centuries-old voices speak into this very moment with shocking immediacy. American Christians, especially those of us who are White, should read, internalize, and act upon these arguments with our whole being. May Christ's loving reign over new hearts, minds, and systems reorder the powers of this world that all may freely and justly live."

Mark Labberton, president, Fuller Theological Seminary

"The subject of reparations has been the cause of much heat and little light in some Christian circles. The objections to the very idea range from 'it's an injustice committed against people who had nothing to do with slavery' to 'it's a ploy used by those who never suffered under slavery to take the hard-earned wealth of others.' Arguments for reparations have often veered into emotional and moral appeals without careful theological, biblical, and historical reasoning. This book ends the era of poor pro-reparations arguments and silences the criticisms of those who suspect reparations as a kind of 'reverse injustice.' Duke Kwon and Greg Thompson have given us the careful yet daring, gracious yet trenchant, historical yet relevant, principled yet persuasive teaching the church and the world has desperately needed. Here is a study written with a rare combination of pastoral tenderness and intellectual rigor. I hope it ends the debate about reparations and helps many to begin the work toward achieving it."

Thabiti M. Anyabwile, pastor, Anacostia River Church

"Two words encapsulate this book for me: indictment and invitation. Writing in the prophetic tradition, Kwon and Thompson are unrelenting in indicting the American church for its complicity and collusion in keeping its relative silence regarding the ongoing cries of the African American communities in the Civil War, during the civil rights movement, and in contemporary contexts. With crisp historical details and analysis, combined with a wide-ranging engagement with sources, the authors are to be commended for exposing America's original sin. However, along with stinging words of indictment come words of invitation. Kwon and Thompson invite the readers to reimagine the shape of human flourishing in the church if we were to seek ways to repent for past sins, repair the breaches of the present, and rejuvenate communities for a more beautiful future. This will not be easy reading, but it will be absolutely indispensable reading for all churches. For by engaging with their pastoral counsel and prophetic courage, we will have a better understanding of what it means to see the image of God in every human person."

Paul Chang-Ha Lim, award-winning historian and professor, Vanderbilt University

"As our country awakens to the difficult truth of our shared story and more and more of us are compelled to engage in the reparative work at the intersection of race and economics, Duke Kwon and Greg Thompson's book Reparations is a powerful and important step in the exploration of what repair looks like, not just for African American communities but for the soul of our country."

Anasa Troutman, CEO of The BIG We

"In a Nazi concentration camp, the theologian, pastor, conspirator, and Christian martyr Dietrich Bonhoeffer pondered the future of the German church as it lay in the ruins of its fatal allegiance to Hitler. 'What is bothering me incessantly is the question what Christianity really is, or indeed who Christ really is, for us today.' Has the church so cheapened its witness to the gospel that it now seems incapable of speaking a redemptive word to humanity and the world? Duke Kwon and Gregory Thompson give us a profound and urgent answer in the context of the American church crisis. Reparations is an exemplary work of public theology, born of chastened Christian conviction and pastoral anguish. Beautifully written and generous in tone, Kwon and Thompson's book illuminates the costs and joys of discipleship in a nation marked by White privilege and its theological disfigurations--to which I can imagine Bonhoeffer replying, 'Yes and amen.'"

Charles Marsh, Commonwealth Professor of Religious Studies, University of Virginia; author of Strange Glory: A Life of Dietrich Bonhoeffer

"Admittedly, I am still working through what my own response will be to this convicting, sometimes disorienting book written by two pastors whom I respect greatly. I respect Duke and Greg especially for their careful scholarship, their love for Jesus and Scripture, their sense of prophetic urgency, and their deep empathy toward people of color in particular. Likewise, I respect them for the moral courage it took to put their convictions in book form. Wherever you end up landing in relation to their message and conclusions, I pray that this book will stir you up as it has me toward deeper introspection, deeper curiosity, deeper humility, deeper repentance, deeper love, and above all deeper freedom in Christ, who came to redeem, restore, and repair all that is broken in you."

Scott Sauls, senior pastor of Christ Presbyterian Church; author of Jesus Outside the Lines and A Gentle Answer

The Authors

  1. Duke L. Kwon

    Duke L. Kwon

    Duke L. Kwon (MDiv, ThM, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary) is the lead pastor at Grace Meridian Hill, a neighborhood congregation in the Grace DC Network committed to building cross-cultural community in Washington, DC. Kwon is active in public...

    Continue reading about Duke L. Kwon

  2. Gregory Thompson

    Gregory Thompson

    Gregory Thompson (PhD, University of Virginia) is a pastor, scholar, artist, and producer whose work focuses on race and equity in the United States. He serves as executive director of Voices Underground (an initiative to build a national memorial to...

    Continue reading about Gregory Thompson


Christianity Today 2022 Book Award Winner (Politics & Public Life)
Outreach 2022 Resource of the Year (Social Issues and Justice)
Foreword INDIES 2021 Finalist for Religion

"In this persuasive debut, [Kwon and Thompson] argue that white supremacy's 'enduring effect' in America is the theft of Black wealth and power, and that Christians must respond by participating in reparations. . . . Kwon and Thompson's eloquent reasoning will help Christians broaden their understanding of the contemporary conversation over reparations."

Publishers Weekly

"Kwon and Thompson explain how white supremacy is maintained and reinforced by structures and institutions; they particularly emphasize that white churches have benefited from white supremacy. . . . A thoughtful approach to a vital topic. It will especially appeal to fans of Jemar Tisby's The Color of Compromise."

James Wetherbee,

Library Journal

"Kwon and Thompson produce a fast-paced historical survey. They maintain a razor-sharp focus on the church's complicity in American racial injustice, preventing readers from getting lost in the weeds while supplying enough detail to substantiate their historical claims. . . . The trait that stands out clearest in Reparations is the authors' painstaking care in communicating exactly what they mean. Kwon and Thompson are meticulous in laying the groundwork of historical facts, advancing biblical arguments for restitution in light of those facts, and giving helpful perspective on how the church has viewed restitution in the past. . . . Blending sound biblical interpretation and careful logic, Reparations handles a difficult, often divisive topic with pastoral sensitivity, even as it refuses to dilute the hard facts and inconvenient truths of the church's checkered past. At the very least, any response should strive to exhibit the same virtues."

Phillip Holmes,

Christianity Today

"Kwon and Thompson have done the difficult and necessary work of asking contemporary questions with the full weight of Scripture, orthodox theology, and Christian tradition in mind. This book takes on the truly admirable task of fully fleshing out a theological response to a political and social issue, doing justice to both the theological task and the contemporary question. The authors outline a distinctly Christian account of reparations, relying neither on proof-text theology nor uncritical acceptance of modern arguments. They weave together history, social science, and theology to give a robust account of what Christian love requires in the pursuit of our common life together. It takes opposing arguments seriously and addresses them with conviction and compassion."

Kaitlyn Schiess,

Christianity Today

"Makes the case for reparations, repentance, and repair in response to grace and as a tangible expression of it. With this in mind, the confidence and competence by which the authors present their argument should not be viewed as an attempt to impose conclusions upon others. Rather the book, in whole, is an invitation to Christ followers and, collectively, to the church to grapple with hard truths and complex realities that are all too often and easily ignored. Those taking up the challenge, then, will need to set aside preconceived notions, engage collaboratively in conversation, and seek common ground in order to pursue and create a future free from the perpetuation of harm and hurt, a future filled with healing and hope. This Social Issues and Justice resource of the year is essential reading."

Mark DeYmaz,