The Old Testament
A Historical, Theological, and Critical Introduction
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A trusted scholar of the Old Testament and the ancient Near East offers a substantial introduction to the Old Testament that is accessibly written and informed by the latest biblical scholarship. Richard Hess summarizes the contents of the Old Testament, introduces the academic study of the discipline, and helps readers understand the complex world of critical and interpretive issues, addressing major concerns in the critical interpretation of each Old Testament book and key texts.
This volume provides a fulsome treatment for students preparing for ministry and assumes no prior knowledge of the Old Testament. Readers will learn how each book of the Old Testament was understood by its first readers, how it advances the larger message of the whole Bible, and what its message contributes to Christian belief and the Christian community. Twenty maps, ninety photos, sidebars, and recommendations for further study add to the book's usefulness for students. The Old Testament also includes an eight-page color insert.
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Part 1: Pentateuch
Part 2: Historical Books
9. 1-2 Samuel
10. 1-2 Kings
11. 1-2 Chronicles
12. Ezra and Nehemiah
Part 3: Poetic Books
18. Song of Songs
Part 4: Prophetic Books
"A groundbreaking historical, theological, and critical introduction to the Old Testament that goes far beyond other introductions in terms of breadth, depth, and scope. Hess's engagement with the history of interpretation, his sensitivity to the theological and literary aspects of texts, and his willingness to engage gender, globalization, and postmodern ideologies, make this a must-have for scholars and students. I look forward to using this outstanding book in the classroom."
Marion Taylor, professor of Old Testament, Wycliffe College, University of Toronto
"In this new volume, Hess has produced a truly outstanding introduction to the Old Testament. It provides a thoroughgoing, scholarly presentation of all the books of the Hebrew Bible yet at the same time is accessible for students with its well-structured, articulate text. Moreover, the excellent selection and placement of illustrative materials provides a wonderful undergirding that rightly serves the reader in the learning experience."
K. Lawson Younger Jr., professor of Old Testament, Semitic languages, and ancient Near Eastern history, Trinity Evangelical Divinity School
"In this book Hess offers readers a current, critical, and hermeneutically instructive introduction to the Old Testament. Targeted at the graduate student, this book maps out the content of each book of the Old Testament via its canonical shape, theological import, and the critical scholarship brought to bear throughout the centuries. Particularly noteworthy are Hess's masterful introduction of the discipline of text criticism, his inclusion of premodern criticism, and his investment in issues of gender, globalization, and postmodern epistemology. This weighty volume provides student and professor alike a treasure trove of data regarding what the Old Testament is, what it contains, and why its study is essential to the Christian community."
Sandra Richter, professor of Old Testament, Wheaton College
"Among the plethora of introductions presently flooding the market, this new volume from Richard Hess distinguishes itself by its scope; its format; its attention to the full range of comparative, critical, and confessional issues; and its author's widely recognized expertise in all corners of the ancient Near East. For each book of the Old Testament, Hess treats matters of content (name, text, and outline, along with a summary overview), how the book has been interpreted (in the premodern period, according to 'higher' critical scholarship, in literary perspective, according to gender and ideological criticism, in the book's ancient Near Eastern context, and within the Christian canon, particularly the New Testament); and ends with coverage of the composition's theological themes. The coverage is extensive, but the writing remains accessible. This introduction will serve many for a long time to come as a standard go-to text."
Brent A. Strawn, professor of Old Testament, Emory University
"As any seminary instructor will tell you, finding a good introductory textbook on the Old Testament is no easy task. Some are too critical while others are too general. Some are too conservative while others are too progressive. Some are too comparative while others are too insular. Some are too historical while others are too theologically oriented, often with little or no regard for the literary-historical context of the text itself. Rick Hess, however, has truly found a 'golden mean' with this new introduction. Students, teachers, pastors, and anyone else interested in the Word of God will love it."
Michael S. Moore, faculty associate in Old Testament, Fuller Theological Seminary
"An intelligent introduction accessible to the neophyte while engaging the more experienced Old Testament reader. Hess ably balances the needs of seminarians and graduate students in a 'rich and multifaceted' exposition of the Old Testament. This is a go-to volume for thoughtful entry to not only the Old Testament but also the disciplines of its study. With attention to interpretative voices through time and surveys of interpretive methods behind, in, and in front of the text, this book is the work of a senior scholar engaged thoughtfully and passionately in the study and teaching of the Old Testament."
Lissa M. Wray Beal, Providence Theological Seminary
"Hess has provided a comprehensive introduction to the study of the Old Testament that covers a wide range of scholarship, including his own careful analysis of every Old Testament book. He writes on the subject with remarkable erudition and clarity, making the work accessible and comprehensible to a broad audience. This book is an invaluable resource for any serious student of the Bible. I highly recommend it."
Carol M. Kaminski, professor of Old Testament, Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary
"An accessible yet informed introduction to the Old Testament. Hess orients readers to a breadth of approaches from ancient to modern without losing sight of the content of Scripture and its theological message for today."
Mark J. Boda, professor of Old Testament, McMaster Divinity College; professor, Faculty of Theology, McMaster University
"This new introduction to the Old Testament offers a brief outline and overview of each book, considers the history of its interpretation, and provides an analysis of its major themes within the context of the broader biblical canon. It represents an impressive synthesis of the dimensions of modern biblical study identified in its title: the historical, the theological, and the critical."
Iain Provan, Marshall Sheppard Professor of Biblical Studies, Regent College
"Hess brings together an articulate synthesis of the Old Testament based on his years of academic research and publications about manuscripts translations, textual criticism, archaeology, theology, and exegesis. . . . The reader will primarily benefit from Hess's integration of various disciplines that provide a foundation for the understanding of canonical formation, historical backgrounds, and theological development. . . . This book may be of most value to the student/reader who is preparing for a career in academics. . . . The sections on Gender and Ideological Criticism provide the student/reader with unique contributions that are not typical in other Old Testament introductions."
John A. McLean,
Journal of Biblical and Theological Studies
"The book has several features that distinguish it from most other introductions to the OT, going into much more depth than one typically finds. . . . For those who would like some further grounding especially in the scholarship surrounding each biblical book, Hess provides a good resource."
John R. Barker, OFM,
The Bible Today
"An up-to-date, sizable, and comprehensive introduction to the OT and the current landscape of OT studies. Hess leaves virtually no stone unturned while he guides the reader through the various layers of the field. . . . There is much to be praised about this volume. The organization and arrangement of each of the chapters is easily at the top of the list. . . . Hess has also included a number of sidebar articles, various maps and photos scattered throughout, and a handful of full-color plates in the center of the volume. The book is targeted towards a graduate-level audience and is scholarly and academic in nature. Nevertheless, as usual, Hess is both engaging and accessible, and thus, The Old Testament should find itself useful for a wide readership. Of course, the most praiseworthy aspect of this book is Hess's ability to make the OT exciting and applicable for the student, and thus, indispensable for the professor. . . . [It] contains all the marks of a go-to standard for the field of OT studies. Hess's expertise in ancient Near Eastern studies and his breadth of knowledge in the OT are on full display. The Old Testament is a must-have resource for scholars, students, and interested laypeople alike. It is accessible, extensive, and overflowing with riches. It comes highly recommended!"
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