Most Moved Mover

A Theology of God’s Openness

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"An accurate and thought-provoking summary and defense of openness theism. The reader who wants to understand the controversy will be pleased, and the Bible student who questions traditional theism will be challenged."--Reformed Review

In 1994, Clark Pinnock along with four other scholars published The Openness of God, which set out a new evangelical vision of God centered on his open, relational, and responsive love for creation.

Since then, dozens of books and articles have been written to discuss the open view of God. It has become a major subject of debate within the Evangelical Theological Society, and Christianity Today has called for ongoing study of the subject by both classical theists and openness theologians. Now Pinnock, in an effort to continue ongoing conversation, returns with Most Moved Mover to defend the open view of God against criticism.

Most Moved Mover, the most passionate and articulate defense of openness theology to date, begins with an analysis of the heated debate sparked by the publication of The Openness of God. Pinnock then clears up misconceptions about openness theology, points out areas of agreement between classical and openness theologians, and lays the groundwork for future discussions.

From an insider's perspective, Pinnock takes readers deep into the openness debate that is shaking the evangelical movement, detailing reactions and replies from thinkers as diverse as Millard Erickson, Greg Boyd, and John Polkinghorne.

Most Moved Mover is sure to inform all evangelicals, regardless of their viewpoint, of the latest developments concerning the open view of God movement. It will be required reading in the academy and for church leaders who want to keep current with the ongoing evangelical debate about God's nature and attributes.




"The church and her mission cannot be more dynamic than her doctrine of God. Here is a theology for church renewal, a compelling call for an amicable conversation among evangelicals about the truly transcendent God who is said to choose significant involvement in the life of creation. Clark Pinnock offers the conversation a fresh divine-involvement focus, rejecting the concern of some that this path is theologically dangerous. To the contrary, it may be the best way to honor biblical revelation and highlight God's relational nature and creative love. These pages represent Pinnock's matured thought on relational theism. Let the conversation proceed!"--Barry L. Callen, Anderson University

The Author

  1. Clark H. Pinnock

    Clark H. Pinnock

    Clark H. Pinnock (1937-2010) was professor emeritus of systematic theology at McMaster Divinity College in Hamilton, Ontario. He received his PhD from the University of Manchester and authored or edited eighteen books, including Most Moved Mover.

    Continue reading about Clark H. Pinnock


"One of the hottest topics among Christian intellectuals in the last few years has been 'open theology'--essentially, the theory that God has not irrevocably fixed the future. Evangelical theologian Clark Pinnock got the conversation started in 1994 with The Openness of God, which proposed that God responds to humanity's actions in an open, relational way. Pinnock fires another shot in the debate with Most Moved Mover: A Theology of God's Openness, which fleshes out the open view of God, traces it back to the Bible and the early church, and--just as importantly--responds to critics. Open theology, Pinnock explains, 'asks us to imagine a response-able and self-sacrificing God of changeable faithfulness an vulnerable power." This is a well-reasoned and passionate defense. Your move, traditionalists."--Publishers Weekly

"In contrast to the classical Greek view of God as an Unmoved Mover, the 'Openness' view emphasizes God's personal and relational qualities. Pinnock admirable presents the fullest up-to-date treatment of this budding theology, which is considered highly controversial in many evangelical circles. Readers on all sides will gravitate toward this book. Pinnock substantially documents the recent Calvinist counterpoint to the Openness movement. At the same time, he refrains from be polemical; most chapters unveil a positive, Scripture-based description of this theology that deals with the scope and nature of God's sovereignty. Pinnock invites critics to acknowledge there's enough room under the evangelical big tent for respectful discussion. Many readers will take issues with him, but they'll find it hard to criticize his effort to base the idea of a truly responsive God upon biblical language."--Ted Lewis, CBA Marketplace

"Just as the divisive issue of biblical inerrancy dominated evangelical theological discussion in the 1970's, so the issue of God's 'openness' has increasingly dominated it recently. . . . Most Moved Mover is an excellent introduction to open theism (sometimes also referred to as 'openness of God theology')."--Christian Century

"There is much wisdom in this work."--Theology Today

"Pinnock's work supplies a nice introduction to open theism. . . More academic than Boyd's God of the Possible and less detailed than Sanders' The God Who Risks, it is especially suitable for an upper college or seminary textbook on the subject."--Michael Wittmer, Calvin Theological Journal

"This book is an accurate and thought-provoking summary and defense of openness theism. The reader who wants to understand the controversy will be pleased, and the Bible student who questions traditional theism will be challenged."--Sherwin Brantsen, Reformed Review

"This book will be beneficial to systematic theologians, who will have to engage students and/or their constituencies on the issues open theists raise in their attempt to reform 'conventional theology.' It will also benefit pastors who need information about open theism in order to answer their congregants' questions."--Religious Studies Review

"Most Moved Mover is well written and makes a cogent case. . . . As an introduction to the main themes of open theology this is a wonderful book."--Elliot Scott, IRT Bulletin